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Christianity Facts and History

3 Comments

Roshan Dsilva
May 24, 2020 at 8:41 am

Interesting article. I would like to know more about the other churches and how their philosophies diverge from the Catholic Church and how they justify this divergence based on which document.

    Herman Vas
    May 25, 2020 at 5:45 pm

    When speaking of the other churches who moved away on the basis of ideology, one presumes you refer to the Orthodox churches. While it was not a document that caused the schism, it could be said that the proceedings of two ecumenical councils brought it about. The first was the Council of Ephesus held in 431 AD that caused the Church of the East (the Nestorian church) to separate. The Nestorian view was Mary should be called Christotokos (Birth Giver of Christ) and not Theotokos (Birth Giver of God). This was opposed by the rest.

    The next one was the Council of Chalcedon held in 451 AD which led to the Oriental Orthodox Church moving away. The Chalcedonian Definition, stating that Jesus is “perfect both in deity and in humanness; this selfsame one is also actually God and actually man”, was not acceptable to Oriental Orthodoxy (the Coptic Church).

    This was followed by the East–West Schism which was a culmination of centuries of ecclesiastical differences and theological disputes between the Greek East and Latin West and was formalised in 1054 AD. The Latin Church did come to the aid of the the Eastern Orthodox Byzantine Emperor, Alexios I Komnenos only four decades later in the run up to the First Crusade. But that’s a story for another day!

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